Knowledge is power; learning about the problem is the best way to tackle it. Learning about the different types of acne helps you control and treat it successfully! The more you learn about it, the more you succeed at controlling it. If you suffer from acne, you are not alone. 50 million people in the United States reportedly suffer from acne. Nothing is as frustrating as waking up to a severe flare-up especially on your big day or on a special date; when the stress is already enough to endure, and you have to worry about clearing up your face. Why wait and get frustrated? Start your acne treatment in your kitchen and lifestyle now.
The dermatologist Doris Day, an expert on acne, posits that genetics, hormonal imbalance, anxiety, and stress are the main factors that lead to acne. Acne ranges from mild (whiteheads and blackheads) to severe (cystic acne).
Image Credit: Huda Beauty
Pimple are the most common form of acne which can form on the face or body as a result of excess sebum (the oil secreted in the skin on the face and scalp to keep the skin hydrated and waterproofed) or trapped dead skin cells in the pores. The dead skin cells and excess oil bond and block the pore leading to the growth of bacteria in an oxygen-starved environment causing infection and inflammation.
They could also be caused by a hormonal-based problem leading to rising androgen levels (male hormone) that stimulate further growth of the sebaceous (oil) gland and thus the over-secretion of oil and clogged pores.
Whiteheads and blackheads
Whiteheads and blackheads are mild acne that forms when the dead skin cells build up in the clogged pore or hair follicle. Whiteheads are smaller than cysts.
Blackheads are basically white heads that oxidize and turn black when they get exposed to oxygen. They are mainly on the T-zone: the nose, forehead, and chin.
Pimples and Whiteheads Care
For pimples and whiteheads, apply (Only on the affected area) some drying lotion by Mario Badescu Skin Care which mainly consists of calamine lotion, salicylic acid, sulfur, and zinc oxide.
Cystic acne is a severe form of acne caused by blocked infected pore with trapped dead skin cells or bacteria. The acne becomes red, tender to the touch, painful, and (cystic) filled with pus. Dermatologists do not recommend popping it, because, if it breaks, it spreads the infection and results in further breakouts. It could also result in scarring if squeezed or popped. Instead, you should place a warm and moist compress on it to drain then disinfect it in order to avoid further breakouts.
Cystic Acne are due to swollen infected sebaceous glands, so they take longer to treat than regular acne. Genes or hormones or a combination of both could be a potential cause of cystic acne. Studies have not been able yet to confirm definite root causes for cystic Acne.
Cyst vs. Cystic Acne
A cyst is larger and more elevated than cystic acne and it is filled of pus. A cyst usually develops because of an acne lesion, ingrown hair or skin and oil build-up in a pore or hair follicle.
There is a misconception that people who suffer from acne do not need to worry about hydrating their skin, and so they go all the way with overly drying their skin using drying lotions and medications. Consequently, their acne problem worsens.
Coconut oil has a counteractive effect for oily skin, because its occlusive properties create a protective oil layer on the skin that consequently preserves the excess oil inside the pores causing acne--instead of letting the skin get rid of the excess sebum (oil). In other words, if you have an oily or acne-prone skin, coconut oil is not the best oil for you as it worsens your acne problem.
Guidelines on Maintaining a Beautiful Skin Inside out
Your skin is a mirror of your inner body. What you eat greatly affects your skin, so watch what you eat, but do not starve yourself. Eat healthy food--a balanced, not a scarce diet--and stay away from processed food. Jennifer Lopez has always followed a natural diet where she stays away from processed foods, alcohol, and caffeine. She likes to eat something that she can pick from a garden. When she has snack cravings like all of us, she eats fruits and vegetables.
- Drink a lot of water
- Maintain a healthy and hydrating diet with a main focus on fruits and vegetables
- Don't over exfoliate and scrub your skin
- Ensure to use non-comedogenic lotion and cream for acne-prone skin to avoid the blockage of your skin pores
- Use fragrance-free products
- Avoid extended hours of sun exposure. Sun exposure aggravates acne condition (the sun dries out the skin which stimulates sebum production and excess sebum traps the bacteria in the pore; thus acne appear on the skin)
Clinical Acne Treatment
Dr. Doris Day suggests many treatments for acne:
- Acne surgery
- Acne medication: Topical retinols, Benzoyl Peroxide, topical or oral antibiotics or accutane (severe birth defects could result if pregnant)
- Pore cleaning acne treatment
- Actinage Peel
For acne Scarring, she recommends laser resurfacing treatments paired with collagen injections.
Dr. Doris Day https://www.myclearskin.com/Acne
Skin Conditions by the Numbers | American Academy of Dermatology https://www.aad.org/media/stats/conditions/skin-conditions-by-the-numbers
What a day looks like on the Jennifer Lopez diet https://www.womanmagazine.co.uk/diet-food/61147-61147#m9zTyQr5hPe5T6ZB.99.